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WW1 US Army 345th Tank Battalion Uniform Grouping To DSC Winner With Medals & Documents
Item #: GV1
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WW1 Uniform grouping of Captain Courtney "Harry" Barnard of the 345th Tank Battalion and was the commander of Company C. Captain Barnard served with Col George Patton Jr. as well as future President of the United States and General of the Army . This is the most historical grouping of items we have had the privilege to sell. All of the artifacts came directly from Capt. Barnard's Son, William Barnard. The grouping consist of his 1) Uniform jacket with his armored triangle in multi colored wool and his 1st Army Division patch that is felt on wool twill on his left arm. Just below are three gold overseas stripes indicating 18 months of overseas duty. On the collar is something very unusual, Capt. Barnard originally had his collar insignia direct embroidered to the high stand up collar and then he had placed issue insignia over it's place. The photos in this lot show his wearing it both ways. Apparently, according to family lore is that his Commander George Patton made him place the metal insignia over top of it because George didn't want to be outdone. Also a interesting fact, according to family, George and Barnard went to to the same tailor in France to purchase their uniforms. Also, if your confused about the placement of the 1st Army patch over the armored triangle, during the Occupation, he served with he 1st. In fact, in good lighting, you can see to each side of the 1st Divisional patch and to the top, exactly where the Armored triangle was. The jacket for being 100 years old is in very good condition. 2) Two theater made overseas caps with Armored piping being yellow, red and blue. In the studio portrait he is wearing the same uniform and overseas cap with bullion captain's devices. 3) Award Citation, field document and cased Distinguished Service Cross numbered 1379. His field citation reads as followed: "Courtney H. Barnard, captain, Company C., 345th Battalion, Tank Corps. For extraordinary heroism in action at Cheppy, France, September 26,1918. During the attack on Cheppy, he personally reconnoitered on foot a passage through an extensive mine field while under heavy artillery and machine-gun fire, and later led his company through this mine field and destroyed the machine-gun pests which were holding up the advance of our infantry. Captain Barnard was exposed to terrific machine-gun and artillery fire throughout the entire action, and, by his coolness and courage, set a splendid example to his men, which produced a noticeable determination on their part, which materially aided in the success of the attack." and penciled on he citation is the number 1379. Also is his type two official award document dated 1924 signed by the Secretary of War and the Adjutant General of the united States and is housed in it's original cardboard shipping tube with his name and address to it. Finally the medal in near perfect condition numbered on the lower arm 1379. This number (1379) to the medal also corresponds to Gary A. Mitchel & Col. Gleim's book by Planchet Press. shown to be awarded to him. He was awarded it for the same action that George Patton received his DSC. He was also awarded several other medals including Winged Victory medal with three bars ST. MIHIEL MEUSE ARGONNE & DEFENSIVE SECTOR. French Legion of Honour and Military Medal. State of New York WW1 Service Medal and named to the reverse City of Albany medals. Before the Tank Corps served with the 132nd Coastal Artillery No. 10 and received a named marksmanship badge and finally two VFW medals. 4) American Expeditionary Forces Photo Identity Card. OFFICER'S RECORD BOOK named to Captain Courtney H. Barnard. This book is of significant value historically as well as monetarily. The book covers his Courses of Instruction as well as his promotions. The booklet shows he received his commission 8/6/17 from the Secretary of War by direction of the President of the United States. On 30/3/18 he was promoted by his commander to 1st Lt. and signed by G.S. PATTON JR. On 29/6/18 was once again promoted to Captain and personally again signed by G.S. PATTON JR. The booklet also covers all aspects of his military service. In the back of the booklet are personal remarks about the soldier. The first on is dated France. 27 Jan. 1919. "This is to certify that Capt. C. H. Barnard, Tank Corp has been under my command for ten months, - both in training areas and in action. In the training area he proved himself to be a splendid instructor. He has fought through the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives and proved to be an excellent leader of unquestionable courage and good judgement. During the Meuse-Argonne offensive he was continuously at the "front" from the commencement of the offensive (Sept. 26) until the 2nd of Nov. I consider him a splendid officer, and would be pleased to have him in my command either in peace or war. Signed by Sereno Brett who in his own right was courageous receiving the Distinguished Service Cross and two silver stars. Finally in the book "I have known this officer for 12 months and fully concur in the opinion of him stated by Maj. Brett G.S. PATTON JR. COL. TC." 5) Officer's Dog Tag set that reads COURTNEY H. BARNARD OFFICER T C USA on the reverse MARY E. COURTNEY PO BOX 503 ALBANY NEW YORK U.S.A. to both. 6) There are several endorsements and other documents to include two endorsements by George S. Patton Jr. to which in part read "Capt. Barnard was among the first twenty officers to join the Tank Corps in France in Dec. 1917. He served as Machine Gun Instructor Company Commander and Battalion Commander. In each case with exceptional efficiency. He Commanded a company of Tanks in the St. Mihiel. In Meuse-Argonne he commanded first his company and when casualties made the relief of most of the 304th Brigade Tank Corps necessary he was selected to command a provisional company of Tanks composed of the remaining men and machines. Throughout this battle he showed rare military ability and courage of the highest order. He personally lead tanks in twenty two different attacks and has had more actual experience in the command of tanks in battle than any other man in the American Army. Although badly gassed and exhausted and ordered to be evacuated he refused to quit his post and continued on duty until November 11 1919. He is a very fine man and officer and always does more than is asked of him. In my opinion he is well qualified to fill the grade of Major in Tank Corps Infantry. Has the war lasted he was to be appointed to that grade. I should always desire to have Capt. Barnard serve with or under me. GEORGE S. PATTON JR. COL. TANK CORPS. Other people that written endorsements are George J. Crosby Major Tank Corps., Major General Summerall who also received a DSC and four Silver Stars. Colonel H. E. Mitchell, C. C. Benson Captain, Cavalry, another endorsement by Major Sereno Brett Tank Corps. another endorsement by George S. Patton Jr., R. I. Sasse Major Tank Corps. Intelligence Officer., A shorter endorsement by Major General Summerall that reads "Captain Courtney H. Barnard is an applicant for appointment in the Regular Army. He served under my command in the Tank Corps during the operations in France and I know him to be courageous, resourceful and able officer in all that pertains to the practical use of his arm. He has a high soldierly character and he so contributed in a determining degree to the success of our forces in battle. I sincerely recommend that he be appointed in the Regular Army." Colonel Stephen O. Fuqua General Staff, Colonel Johnathan P. Finley and finally an endorsement by Dwight David "Ike" Eisenhower, this endorsement is a photo copy, The family sold the original in 1990. Also in the lot are his Discharge papers identifying his as a DSC recipient. 7) Trench watch box. There are several other items in the grouping but I have covered most of the better items. 
Combat operations
The 326th (under the command of Sereno E. Brett) and 327th Tank Battalions (later renamed the 344th and 345th and organized into the 304th Tank Brigade, commanded by Patton), were the first into combat, beginning with the Battle of Saint-Mihiel (as part of the US IV Corps) on 12 September 1918. The small French Renault FT tanks they were equipped with found the going hard and many were lost or ran out of fuel crossing the battlefield – the Germans, forewarned, had largely retreated from the salient. They then took part in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive (as part of the US V Corps) on 26 September. Major Brett assumed command of the 304th after Patton was injured on 26 September, the first day of the Meuse-Argonne Offensive near Cheppy, France. The 301st, equipped with British Mark V heavy tanks, suffered large casualties in the Battle of St. Quentin Canal on 29 September as part of the British 4th Tank Brigade, under the control of the Australian Corps. Some tanks were hit by shelling before the start line, while others were lost crossing an unreported British minefield. Of the 34 participating tanks, only 10 made rallying. The 301st then seized the village of Brancourt on 8 October, fought in the Battle of the Selle on 18 October, and participated in a night attack on 22–23 October in the vicinity of the Sambre Canal. During the war, two members of the Tank Corps (both from the 344th Battalion) were awarded the Medal of Honor; Donald M. Call and Harold W. Roberts.
Shipping Weight: 20 lbs
Your Price $25,000.00 USD